2,2-Difluoro-1,3-dimethylimidazolidine (DFI) is a nucleophilic reagent for the conversion of alcohols to monofluorides, and aldehydes/ketones to gem-difluorides under mild conditions. It has recently been introduced as a potent precursor for the synthesis of p-block element carbene complexes.
2,2-Difluoro-1,3-dimethylimidazolidine (DFI). A new fluorinating agent.
Complexes of Ge(IV)- and Sn(IV)-Fluorides with Cyclic and Acyclic Carbenes: Bis(dialkylamino)-difluoromethylenes as Carbene Sources.
Carbene complexes of phosphorus(V) fluorides substituted with perfluoroalkyl-groups synthesized by oxidative addition. Cleavage of the complexes reveals a new synthetic protocol for ionic liquids.
 H. Hayashi, et al, Chem. Commun., 2002, 15, pp 1618-1619.
 T.Bottcher, et al, Inorg. Chem., 2012, 51(2), pp 763-765.
 T.Bottcher, et al, Dalton Trans., 2014, 43(7), pp 2979-2987.